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The interaction between exercise, appetite, and food intake: implications for weight control


King, NA and Horner, K and Hills, AP and Byrne, NM and Wood, RE and Bryant, NM and Caudwell, P and Finlayson, G and Gibbons, C and Hopkins, M and Martins, C and Blundell, JE, The interaction between exercise, appetite, and food intake: implications for weight control, American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 7, (4) pp. 265-273. ISSN 1559-8276 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2013 The Author(s)

DOI: doi:10.1177/1559827613475584


Exercise could indirectly affect body weight by exerting changes on various components of appetite control, including nutrient and taste preferences, meal size and frequency, and the drive to eat. This review summarizes the evidence on how exercise affects appetite and eating behavior and in particular answers the question, "Does exercise induce an increase in food intake to compensate for the increase in energy expenditure?" Evidence will be presented to demonstrate that there is no automatic increase in food intake in response to acute exercise and that the response to repeated exercise is variable. The review will also identify areas of further study required to explain the variability. One limitation with studies that assess the efficacy of exercise as a method of weight control is that only mean data are presented—the individual variability tends to be overlooked. Recent evidence highlights the importance of characterizing the individual variability by demonstrating exercise-induced changes in appetite. Individuals who experience lower than theoretically predicted reductions in body weight can be characterized by hedonic (eg, pleasure) and homeostatic (eg, hunger) features.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Exercise physiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other health
Objective Field:Other health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
UTAS Author:Byrne, NM (Professor Nuala Byrne)
ID Code:109876
Year Published:2013
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2016-07-06
Last Modified:2017-05-02

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