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Risk behaviours and hepatitis C infection among Indo-Chinese initiates to injecting drug use in Sydney, Australia


Maher, L and Sargent, PL, Risk behaviours and hepatitis C infection among Indo-Chinese initiates to injecting drug use in Sydney, Australia, Addiction Research & Theory, 10, (6) pp. 535-544. ISSN 1606-6359 (2002) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2002 Taylor & Francis Ltd

Official URL:

DOI: doi:10.1080/1606635021000032393


Objectives: To determme the prevalence ot risk behaviours and hepatitis C infection among Indo-Chinese initiates to heroin use.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting and participants: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with Indo-Chinese heroin users (n = 60) in Cabramatta, a suburb of South West Sydney Critena were Vietnamese. Cambodian or Lao cultural background and two or less years of heroin use (injecting or smoking) Participants were recruited using snowball sampling techniques based on street and social networks and previous research contacts.

Measures: A semi-structured interview was administered, based on the literature and previous research Measures included patterns of heroin use. risk behaviours, perceived susceptibility to hepatitis C infection and needle and syringe program (NSP) utilization Capillary blood was collected by finger pnck using disposable lancets and blotting paper to determine prevalence of HCV antibody Results The prevalence of HCV is 25% among this sample of Indo-Chinese new injecting drug users (NIDU) Despite perceived high availability of sterile injecting equipment through NSPs, shanng of injection equipment was common with 41% ever having shared a needle and synnge and 24% having done so in the past month.

Conclusions: To prevent further transmission of blood-borne pathogens among Indo-Chinese NIDU there is a need both for increased access to services and effective information campaigns early in the use career Innovative and culturally appropriate programs should be designed to encourage non-injecting routes of administration and to seek to prevent or delay the onset of injecting.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Risk behaviours, hepatitis C, injecting drug users, Indo-Chinese
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Sargent, PL (Dr Penny Allen)
ID Code:109768
Year Published:2002
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Rural Clinical School
Deposited On:2016-06-30
Last Modified:2016-07-29

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