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A prospective cohort study of early postpartum etonogestrel implant (Implanon®) use and its effect on duration of lochia

Citation

Dobromilsky, KC and Allen, PL and Raymond, SH and Maindiratta, B, A prospective cohort study of early postpartum etonogestrel implant (Implanon®) use and its effect on duration of lochia, Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care, 42 pp. 187-193. ISSN 1471-1893 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1136/jfprhc-2014-101081

Abstract

Background: Etonogestrel (ENG) implants (Implanon/Nexplanon/Implanon NXT) are employed as contraception in early postpartum patients. Follow-up is often not conducted by the hospital prescriber. Little is known about duration of lochia, in a modern setting, and even less is known about the effect of ENG implants on lochia.

Aims: To determine if early postpartum (pre-discharge) insertion of Implanon for contraception was associated with a significant difference in duration of lochia. To record the number of patients who went on to have their Implanon removed during the study period and the reasons for removal.

Methods: Prospective cohort study of 152 postpartum patients from a tertiary maternity unit in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. The treatment group was women requesting Implanon prior to discharge. Controls were recruited from the same unit over the same time period, with the aim to match for birth weight and parity. Information was collected during face-to-face interviews or via telephone contact. Multivariate survival analysis was used to investigate lochia duration.

RResults: There were 73 controls and 79 women who had early postpartum Implanon inserted. Fourteen (17.7%) patients in the treatment group had their Implanon removed during the postpartum study period. In all of these cases the reason for removal was bleeding disturbance - prolonged or intermittent vaginal bleeding beyond 50 days postpartum. There was no significant difference in duration of lochia between the groups [median predicted duration 25 days (95% CI 22-27) in controls and 24 days (95% CI 21-26) in the treatment group].

Conclusions: Early postpartum insertion of Implanon for contraception was not associated with a statistically or clinically significant difference in duration of lochia.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:lochia, duration, Implanon
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
Research Field:Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Reproductive System and Disorders
Author:Allen, PL (Dr Penny Allen)
ID Code:109704
Year Published:2016 (online first 2015)
Deposited By:Rural Clinical School
Deposited On:2016-06-28
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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