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A web-based training program to support chronic kidney disease screening by community pharmacists


Gheewala, PA and Peterson, GM and Razi Zaidi, ST and Bereznicki, LRE and Jose, MD and Castelino, RL, A web-based training program to support chronic kidney disease screening by community pharmacists, International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 38, (5) pp. 1080-1086. ISSN 2210-7703 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Springer International Publishing

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11096-016-0330-5


Background: Community pharmacists’ role in screening of several chronic diseases has been widely explored. The global health burden of chronic kidney disease is high; however, the progression and adverse outcomes can be prevented or delayed by detecting and treating the disease in its initial stages 1–3. Therefore, a web-based training program was developed to enhance pharmacists’ knowledge and skills required to perform a chronic kidney disease screening service in a community setting.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a web-based training program on community pharmacists’ knowledge and skills associated with chronic kidney disease screening. As secondary aim, pharmacists’ satisfaction with the training program was assessed. Setting Community pharmacy practice.

Method: A web-based training program was developed by four pharmacists and a nephrologist. Quantitative data was collected by employing a self-administered, web-based questionnaire, which comprised a set of five multiple-choice knowledge questions and one clinical vignette to assess skills. A nine-item Likert scale was used to determine pharmacists’ satisfaction with the training program. Main outcome measure Pharmacists’ knowledge and skills scores at pre and post-training, reliability of the Likert scale, and the proportion of responses to the individual nine items of the satisfaction survey.

Results: Fifty pharmacists participated in the prequestionnaire and 38 pharmacists completed the web-based training and post-questionnaire. Significant differences were observed in the knowledge scores (p\0.001) and skills scores (p\0.001) at pre- and post-training. Cronbach’s alpha for the nine-item satisfaction scale was 0.73 and the majority pharmacists (92.1–100 %) were satisfied with the various aspects of the training program.

Conclusion: The web-based training program positively enhanced pharmacists’ knowledge and skills associated with chronic kidney disease screening. These findings support further development and widespread implementation of the training program to facilitate health promotion and early identification of chronic kidney disease in a community setting.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Pharmacy, renal, kidney, education
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Research Field:Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other Health
Objective Field:Health not elsewhere classified
Author:Gheewala, PA (Miss Pankti Gheewala)
Author:Peterson, GM (Professor Gregory Peterson)
Author:Razi Zaidi, ST (Dr Tabish Razi Zaidi)
Author:Bereznicki, LRE (Associate Professor Luke Bereznicki)
Author:Jose, MD (Professor Matthew Jose)
Author:Castelino, RL (Dr Ronald Castelino)
ID Code:109639
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2016-06-24
Last Modified:2016-11-11

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