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Femtosecond laser–assisted cataract surgery versus standard phacoemulsification cataract surgery: Outcomes and safety in more than 4000 cases at a single center

Citation

Abell, RG and Darian-Smith, E and Kan, JB and Allen, PL and Ewe, SY and Vote, BJ, Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery versus standard phacoemulsification cataract surgery: Outcomes and safety in more than 4000 cases at a single center, Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, 41 pp. 47-52. ISSN 0886-3350 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 ASCRS and ESCRS

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jcrs.2014.06.025

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the intraoperative complications and safety of femtosecond laser–assisted cataract surgery and conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery.

Setting: Single center.

Design: Prospective consecutive comparative cohort case series.

Methods: Eyes had femtosecond laser–assisted cataract surgery (study group) or phacoemulsification (control group) by 1 of 5 surgeons. The technique comprised manual corneal incisions and capsulorhexis or laser–assisted anterior capsulotomy, lens fragmentation, corneal incisions, phacoemulsification, and intraocular lens implantation.

Results: The study group comprised 1852 eyes and the control group, 2228 eyes. Patient demographics were similar between groups. There was a significant improvement in vacuum/docking attempts, surface recognition adjustments, treatment, and vacuum time during the laser procedure in the study group. Anterior capsule tears occurred in 1.84% of eyes in the study group and 0.22% of eyes in the control group (P < .0001). There was no difference in the incidence of anterior capsule tears between the first half and second half of laser-assisted cases. Anterior capsulotomy tags occurred in 1.62% study group eyes. There was no significant difference in posterior capsule tears between the 2 groups (0.43% versus 0.18%). The incidence of significant intraoperative corneal haze and miosis was higher and the effective phacoemulsification time significantly lower in the study group (P < .001).

Conclusions: Significant intraoperative complications likely to affect refractive outcomes and patient satisfaction were low overall. The 2 cataract surgery techniques appear to be equally safe. Although anterior capsule tears remain a concern, the safety of femtosecond-assisted cataract surgery in terms of posterior capsule complications was equal to that of phacoemulsification.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:cataract surgery, femtosecond, outcomes,
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Ophthalmology and Optometry
Research Field:Ophthalmology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Surgical Methods and Procedures
Author:Allen, PL (Dr Penny Allen)
ID Code:109603
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Rural Clinical School
Deposited On:2016-06-23
Last Modified:2017-01-19
Downloads:0

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