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The Ethics of Medical Practitioner Migration From Low-Resourced Countries to the Developed World: A Call for Action by Health Systems and Individual Doctors

Citation

Mpofu, C and Gupta, TS and Hays, RB, The Ethics of Medical Practitioner Migration From Low-Resourced Countries to the Developed World: A Call for Action by Health Systems and Individual Doctors, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry: an interdisciplinary forum for ethical and legal debate, 13, (3) pp. 395-406. ISSN 1176-7529 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Pty Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11673-016-9726-0

Abstract

Medical migration appears to be an increasing global phenomenon, with complex contributing factors. Although it is acknowledged that such movements are inevitable, given the current globalized economy, the movement of health professionals from their country of training raises questions about equity of access and quality of care. Concerns arise if migration occurs from lowand middle-income countries (LMICs) to high-income countries (HICs). The actions of HICs receiving medical practitioners from LMICs are examined through the global justice theories of John Rawls and Immanuel Kant. These theories were initially proposed by Pogge (1988) and Tan (1997) and, in this work, are extended to the issue of medical migration. Global justice theories propose that instead of looking at health needs and workforce issues within their national boundaries, HICs should be guided by principles of justice relevant to the needs of health systems on a global scale. Issues of individual justice are also considered within the framework of rights and social responsibilities of individual medical practitioners. Local and international policy changes are suggested based on both global justice theories and the ideals of individual justice.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:medical migration, workforce
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and Pedagogy
Research Field:Medicine, Nursing and Health Curriculum and Pedagogy
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Health and Support Services
Objective Field:Health Policy Evaluation
Author:Hays, RB (Professor Richard Hays)
ID Code:109472
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2016-06-20
Last Modified:2017-11-20
Downloads:0

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