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Computer-Delivered Modeling of Exposure for Spider Phobia: Relevant Versus Irrelevant Exposure

Citation

Smith, KL and Kirkby, KC and Montgomery, IM and Daniels, BA, Computer-Delivered Modeling of Exposure for Spider Phobia: Relevant Versus Irrelevant Exposure, Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 11, (5) pp. 489-497. ISSN 0887-6185 (1997) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/S0887-6185(97)00025-X

Abstract

Spider phobic subjects (n = 45) completed 3 × 40 minute computer-delivered treatment sessions. Questionnaire ratings of phobic severity were completed pre-and posttreatment (n = 45) and at 6-12-month follow-up (n = 38). The program used interactive animations to model self-exposure treatment methods. Subjects were randomized to one of three treatment groups (n = 15), each receiving a different version of the program. These treatment conditions were relevant exposure with feedback (REF), relevant exposure with no feedback (RENoF), or irrelevant exposure with feedback (IEF). Relevant exposure modeled exposure to spiders, irrelevant exposure to elevators. All groups showed significant phobic improvement following the treatment, as measured on a variety of instruments. Learning on the programs was demonstrated by a significantly increased performance (time taken to reach a target score) within each group across the three computer treatment sessions. Outcome was not significantly affected by either relevance of exposure or the manipulation of the onscreen feedback. Subjects' report of exposure treatment undertaken at home correlated positively with phobic improvement. © 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other Health
Objective Field:Health not elsewhere classified
Author:Smith, KL ( Smith)
Author:Kirkby, KC (Professor Kenneth Kirkby)
Author:Montgomery, IM (Dr Iain Montgomery)
Author:Daniels, BA (Dr Brett Daniels)
ID Code:10947
Year Published:1997
Web of Science® Times Cited:30
Deposited By:Clinical Sciences
Deposited On:1997-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-11
Downloads:0

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