O'Sullivan, TA and Ambrosini, G and Beilin, LJ and Mori, TA and Oddy, WH, Dietary intake and food sources of fatty acids in Australian adolescents, Nutrition, 27, (2) pp. 153-159. ISSN 0899-9007 (2011) [Refereed Article]
METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed using measured 3-d records in 822 adolescents aged 13-15 y participating in The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, Australia.
RESULTS: Mean daily total fat intakes were 90 ± 25 g for boys and 73 ± 20 g for girls, with saturated fat contributing 14% of total energy intake. Mean contribution to daily energy intake for linoleic, alpha-linolenic, eicosapentaenoic, docosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic acids were 3.0%, 0.40%, 0.02%, 0.01%, and 0.04%, respectively, for boys, and 3.3%, 0.42%, 0.02%, 0.01%, and 0.05% for girls. To meet guidelines for chronic disease prevention, consumption of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids in this population may need to increase up to three-fold and the proportion of saturated fat decrease by one-third. Girls were more likely to achieve the guidelines. Major food sources were dairy products for total fat, saturated fat and alpha-linolenic acid, margarines for linoleic acid, and fish for long-chain omega-3 fatty acids.
CONCLUSION: Results suggest that for this population, a higher dietary intake of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, particularly for boys, and lower proportion of saturated fat is required to meet recommendations for prevention of chronic disease.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Nutrition and Dietetics|
|Research Field:||Clinical and Sports Nutrition|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|UTAS Author:||Oddy, WH (Professor Wendy Oddy)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||32|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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