Howard, AL and Robinson, M and Smith, GJ and Ambrosini, GL and Piek, JP and Oddy, WH, ADHD is associated with a 'Western' dietary pattern in adolescents, Journal of Attention Disorders, 15, (5) pp. 403-411. ISSN 1087-0547 (2011) [Refereed Article]
METHOD: The Raine Study is a prospective study following 2,868 live births. At the 14-year follow-up, the authors collected detailed adolescent dietary data, allowing for the determination of major dietary patterns using factor analysis. ADHD diagnoses were recorded according to International Classification of Deiseases, 9th Revision coding conventions. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between scores for major dietary pattern and ADHD diagnoses.
RESULTS: Data were available for 1,799 adolescents, and a total of 115 adolescents had an ADHD diagnosis. Two major dietary patterns were identified: "Western" and "Healthy." A higher score for the Western dietary pattern was associated with ADHD diagnosis (odds ratio=2.21, 95% confidence interval=1.18, 4.13) after adjusting for known confounding factors from pregnancy to 14 years. ADHD diagnosis was not associated with the "Healthy" dietary pattern.
CONCLUSION: A Western-style diet may be associated with ADHD.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||ADHD, Raine study, diet, nutrition, mental health, adolescence|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Nutrition and Dietetics|
|Research Field:||Clinical and Sports Nutrition|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|UTAS Author:||Oddy, WH (Professor Wendy Oddy)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||99|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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