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The architecture and evolution of cancer neochromosomes


Garsed, DW and Marshall, OJ and Corbin, VD and Hsu, A and Di Stefano, L and Schroder, J and Li, J and Feng, ZP and Kim, BW and Kowarsky, M and Lansdell, B and Brookwell, R and Myklebost, O and Meza-Zepeda, L and Holloway, AJ and Pedeutour, F and Choo, KH and Damore, MA and Deans, AJ and Papenfuss, AT and Thomas, DM, The architecture and evolution of cancer neochromosomes, Cancer Cell, 26, (5) pp. 653-667. ISSN 1535-6108 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ccell.2014.09.010


We isolated and analyzed, at single-nucleotide resolution, cancer-associated neochromosomes from well- and/or dedifferentiated liposarcomas. Neochromosomes, which can exceed 600 Mb in size, initially arise as circular structures following chromothripsis involving chromosome 12. The core of the neochromosome is amplified, rearranged, and corroded through hundreds of breakage-fusion-bridge cycles. Under selective pressure, amplified oncogenes are overexpressed, while coamplified passenger genes may be silenced epigenetically. New material may be captured during punctuated chromothriptic events. Centromeric corrosion leads to crisis, which is resolved through neocentromere formation or native centromere capture. Finally, amplification terminates, and the neochromosome core is stabilized in linear form by telomere capture. This study investigates the dynamic mutational processes underlying the life history of a special form of cancer mutation.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and cell biology
Research Field:Biochemistry and cell biology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
UTAS Author:Marshall, OJ (Dr Owen Marshall)
ID Code:108952
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:102
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2016-05-12
Last Modified:2017-11-06

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