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The origin of lithogenic sediment in the south-western Ross Sea and implications for iron fertilization


Winton, VHL and Dunbar, GB and Atkins, CB and Bertler, NAN and Delmonte, B and Andersson, PS and Bowie, A and Edwards, R, The origin of lithogenic sediment in the south-western Ross Sea and implications for iron fertilization, Antarctic Science, 28, (4) pp. 250-260. ISSN 0954-1020 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Antarctic Science Ltd 2016

DOI: doi:10.1017/S095410201600002X


Summer iron (Fe) fertilization in the Ross Sea has previously been observed in association with diatom productivity, lithogenic particles and excess Fe in the water column. This productivity event occurred during an early breakout of sea ice via katabatic winds, suggesting that aeolian dust could be an important source of lithogenic Fe required for diatom growth in the Ross Sea. Here we investigate the provenance of size-selected dust deposited on sea ice in McMurdo Sound, south-western (SW) Ross Sea. The isotopic signature of McMurdo Sound dust (0.70533<87Sr/86Sr<0.70915 and -1.1<εNd(0)<3.45) confirms that dust is locally sourced from the McMurdo Sound debris bands and comprises a two-component mixture of McMurdo Volcanic Group and southern Victoria Land lithologies. In addition, the provenance of lithogenic sediment trapped in the water column was investigated, and the isotopic signature (εNd(0)=3.9, 87Sr/86Sr=0.70434) is differentiated from long-range transported dust originating from South America and Australia. Elevated lithogenic accumulation rates in deeper sediment traps in the Ross Sea suggest that sinking particles in the water column cannot simply result from dust input at the surface. This discrepancy can be best explained by significant upwelling and remobilization of lithogenic Fe from the sea floor.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:sediments, iron, Ross Sea, fertilisation, Antarctica, dust, dust provenance, McMurdo Sound
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Chemical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water
Objective Field:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Marine Environments
Author:Bowie, A (Associate Professor Andrew Bowie)
ID Code:108911
Year Published:2016
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FT130100037)
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2016-05-10
Last Modified:2017-11-17

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