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The evidence for 'flipping out': A systematic review of the flipped classroom in nursing education


Betihavas, V and Bridgman, H and Kornhaber, R and Cross, M, The evidence for 'flipping out': A systematic review of the flipped classroom in nursing education, Nurse Education Today, 38 pp. 15-21. ISSN 0260-6917 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2015 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.12.010


Background: The flipped classroom has generated interest in higher education providing a student-centred approach to learning. This has the potential to engage nursing students in ways that address the needs of today's students and the complexity of contemporary healthcare. Calls for educational reform, particularly in healthcare programs such as nursing, highlight the need for students to problem-solve, reason and apply theory into practice. The drivers towards student-based learning have manifested in team, problem and case-based learning models. Though there has been a shift towards the flipped classroom, comparatively little is known about how it is used in nursing curricula.

Objective: The aims of this systematic review were to examine how the flipped classroom has been applied in nursing education and outcomes associated with this style of teaching.

Data Sources: Five databases were searched and resulted in the retrieval of 21 papers: PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and ERIC.

Review Methods: After screening for inclusion/exclusion criteria, each paper was evaluated using a critical appraisal tool. Data extraction and analysis were completed on all included studies.

Results: This systematic review screened 21 titles and abstracts resulting in nine included studies. All authors critically appraised the quality of the included studies. Five studies were identified and themes identified were: academic performance outcomes, and student satisfaction implementing the flipped classroom.

Conclusions: Use of the flipped classroom in higher education nursing programmes yielded neutral or positive academic outcomes and mixed results for satisfaction. Engagement of students in the flipped classroom model was achieved when academics informed and rationalised the purpose of the flipped classroom model to students. However, no studies in this review identified the evaluation of the process of implementing the flipped classroom. Studies examining the process and ongoing evaluation and refinement of the flipped classroom in higher education nursing programmes are warranted.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:nursing, education research, flipped classroom, higher education, problem-based learning
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:Medicine, nursing and health curriculum and pedagogy
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Nursing
UTAS Author:Bridgman, H (Dr Heather Bridgman)
UTAS Author:Kornhaber, R (Dr Rachel Kornhaber)
UTAS Author:Cross, M (Dr Merylin Cross)
ID Code:108811
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:279
Deposited By:UTAS Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2016-05-06
Last Modified:2018-03-20

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