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Spring blooms and annual cycles of phytoplankton: a unified perspective


Chiswell, SM and Calil, PHR and Boyd, PW, Spring blooms and annual cycles of phytoplankton: a unified perspective, Journal of Plankton Research, 37, (3) pp. 500-508. ISSN 0142-7873 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright The Authors 2015

DOI: doi:10.1093/plankt/fbv021


Several hypotheses exist that describe phytoplankton spring blooms in temperate and subpolar oceans: the critical depth, shoaling mixed layer (ML), critical turbulence, onset of stratification and disturbance-recovery hypotheses. These theories appear to be mutually exclusive and none of them describe the annual cycle of phytoplankton biomass. Here, we present a model of the annual cycle in phytoplankton that recognizes that phytoplankton are not always mixed throughout the so-called ML, and that it is important to distinguish between the surface biomass and depth-integrated phytoplankton. Once these important distinctions are made, the annual cycles and blooms in surface and depth-integrated phytoplankton can be described straightforwardly in terms of the physical drivers and biotic responses.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:phytoplankton, annual cycles, spring blooms, mixed layer
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Biological oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Biodiversity in Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
UTAS Author:Boyd, PW (Professor Philip Boyd)
ID Code:108706
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:41
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2016-05-04
Last Modified:2017-11-01

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