Herbison, CE and Hickling, S and Allen, KL and O'Sullivan, TA and Robinson, M and Bremner, AP and Huang, RC and Beilin, LJ and Mori, TA and Oddy, WH, Low intake of B-vitamins is associated with poor adolescent mental health and behaviour, Preventive Medicine, 55, (6) pp. 634-638. ISSN 0091-7435 (2016) [Refereed Article]
METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of the West Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. The 17-year follow-up included collection of a food frequency questionnaire allowing B-vitamin intake calculation. Mental health was assessed using the Youth Self Report (YSR) which measures total, internalising (withdrawn/depressed) and externalising (aggressive/delinquent) behaviour scores. Multiple linear regression was used to analyse associations between B-vitamins and mental health with adjustment for relevant confounders (n=709).
RESULTS: Lower intake of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and folate was associated with higher externalising behaviour scores (p ≤ 0.05). Reduced intake of vitamin B6 and folate was associated with higher internalising behaviour scores (p ≤ 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Poor nutrition may contribute to the pathogenesis of mental health problems in adolescence. The role of B-vitamins requires further investigation in randomised controlled trials.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Vitamin, Adolescent, Behaviour, Internalising, Externalising, Mental health, Nutrition, YSR, B-vitamin|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Nutrition and Dietetics|
|Research Field:||Clinical and Sports Nutrition|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|UTAS Author:||Oddy, WH (Professor Wendy Oddy)|
|Year Published:||2016 (online first 2012)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||21|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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