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Plant leaves as templates for soft lithography


Wu, W and Guijt, RM and Silina, YE and Koch, M and Manz, A, Plant leaves as templates for soft lithography, RSC Advances, 6, (27) pp. 22469-22475. ISSN 2046-2069 (2016) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

DOI: doi:10.1039/c5ra25890a


We report a simple fast, practical and effective method for the replication of the complex venation patterns of natural leaves into PDMS with accuracy down to a lateral size of 500 nm. Optimising the amount of crosslinker enabled the replication and sealing of the microvascular structures to yield enclosed microfluidic networks. The use of plant leaves as templates for soft lithography was demonstrated across over ten species and included reticulate, arcuate, pinnate, parallel and palmate venation patterns. SEM imaging revealed replication of the plants microscopic and sub-microscopic topography into the PDMS structures, making this method especially attractive for mimicking biological structures for in vitro assays. Flow analysis revealed that the autonomous liquid transport velocity in 1st-order microchannel was 1.52.2 times faster than that in the 2nd-order microchannels across three leaf types, with the sorptivity rule surprisingly preserved during self-powered flow through leaf-inspired vascularity from Carpinus betulus.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:soft lithography, plant leaves, biomimetrics
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Separation science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Guijt, RM (Dr Rosanne Guijt)
ID Code:108283
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:35
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2016-04-18
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:163 View Download Statistics

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