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Post-error recklessness and the hot hand

Citation

Williams, P and Heathcote, A and Nesbit, K and Eidels, A, Post-error recklessness and the hot hand, Judgment and Decision Making, 11, (2) pp. 174-184. ISSN 1930-2975 (2016) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Official URL: http://journal.sjdm.org/vol11.2.html

Abstract

Although post-error slowing and the "hot hand" (streaks of good performance) are both types of sequential dependencies arising from the differential influence of success and failure, they have not previously been studied together. We bring together these two streams of research in a task where difficulty can be controlled by participants delaying their decisions, and where responses required a degree deliberation, and so are relatively slow. We compared performance of unpaid participants against paid participants who were rewarded differentially, with higher reward for better performance. In contrast to most previous results, we found no post-error slowing for paid or unpaid participants. For the unpaid group, we found post-error speeding and a hot hand, even though the hot hand is typically considered a fallacy. Our results suggest that the effect of success and failure on subsequent performance may differ substantially with task characteristics and demands. We also found payment affected post-error performance; financially rewarding successful performance led to a more cautious approach following errors, whereas unrewarded performance led to recklessness following errors.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:post-error slowing, hot hand, cognitive control, financial incentives
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Cognitive Sciences
Research Field:Decision Making
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Heathcote, A (Professor Andrew Heathcote)
ID Code:108038
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2016-04-05
Last Modified:2016-10-17
Downloads:35 View Download Statistics

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