Shukla, S and Fairbairn, R and Gell, DA and Smith, JA and Walters, EH and O'Toole, RF, An antagonist of the platelet-activating factor receptor inhibits streptococcus pneumoniae and non-typeable haemophilus influenzae infection of human bronchial epithelial cells exposed to cigarette smoke, Thoracic Society of Australia & New Zealand and the Australian & New Zealand Society of Respiratory Science, Annual Scientific Meeting, 1-6 April 2016, Perth, Australia (2016) [Conference Extract]
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Introduction/Aim: Epithelial platelet activating factor receptor (PAFr) is a cell adhesion site for specific bacteria, notably the major respiratory pathogens, non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) and Streptococcus pneumoniae. We recently published that PAFr expression is upregulated in the airway epithelium of both the large and small airways of smokers and COPD patients. We have also shown that cigarette-smoke extract (CSE) induced PAFr upregulation in vitro. Bacterial cell-wall phosphorylcholine (ChoP) binds specifically to host PAFr expressed on respiratory epithelium. We investigated whether PAFr is a suitable anti-infective target.
Methods: Human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) cells were exposed to CSE (1%; 4 h), and adhesion of FITC-tagged S. pneumoniae and NTHi determined. The role of PAFr in mediating adhesion was determined using a known PAFr antagonist, WEB-2086. PAFr expression and fluorescencelabelled bacterial adhesion were assessed by immunofluorescence microscopy. Computer aided image analysis of adherent bacteria was analyzed using Image-Pro Plus 7.0.
Results: BEAS-2B cells exposed to CSE showed significantly increased PAFr expression (P < 0.001). Bacterial adherence was elevated to CSE exposed cells (P < 0.004), as shown by a clinical strain of S. pneumoniae (132), a clinical NTHi strain (RHH3) and a reference-strain of NTHi (NCTC- 4560). Moreover, bacterial adhesion was reduced to untreated control levels with WEB-2086 (P < 0.03), in a dose-dependent manner. A ChoP negative strain of Haemophilus hemolyticus did not show enhanced adherence postCSE treatment and no change after WEB-2086. In silico analyses identified the binding site of WEB-2086 on PAFr and determined new derivatives of WEB-2086 with enhanced predicted binding affinities for the target.
Conclusion: PAFr is a viable therapeutic target against the specific COPD pathogens, S. pneumoniae and NTHi. Increased expression of respiratory epithelial PAFr could be a key factor in the airways of smoking-related COPD patients that increases their risk of acute exacerbated COPD (AECOPD).
|Item Type:||Conference Extract|
|Keywords:||Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, PAFr, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Medical Microbiology|
|Research Field:||Medical Bacteriology|
|Objective Group:||Human Pharmaceutical Products|
|Objective Field:||Human Pharmaceutical Treatments (e.g. Antibiotics)|
|UTAS Author:||Shukla, S (Mr Shakti Shukla)|
|UTAS Author:||Gell, DA (Dr David Gell)|
|UTAS Author:||Smith, JA (Dr Jeremy Smith)|
|UTAS Author:||Walters, EH (Professor Haydn Walters)|
|UTAS Author:||O'Toole, RF (Dr Ronan O'Toole)|
|Downloads:||4 View Download Statistics|
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