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Slowing the progression of age-related hearing loss: Rationale and study design of the ASPIRIN in HEARING, retinal vessels imaging and neurocognition in older generations (ASPREE-HEARING) trial

Citation

Lowthian, JA and Britt, CJ and Rance, G and Lin, FR and Woods, RL and Wolfe, R and Nelson, MR and Dillon, HA and Ward, S and Reid, CM and Lockery, JE and Nguyen, TT and McNeil, JJ and Storey, E, on behalf of the ASPREE Investigators, Slowing the progression of age-related hearing loss: Rationale and study design of the ASPIRIN in HEARING, retinal vessels imaging and neurocognition in older generations (ASPREE-HEARING) trial, Contemporary Clinical Trials, 46 pp. 60-66. ISSN 1551-7144 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Elsevier Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.cct.2015.11.014

Abstract

Background: Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is a leading cause of disability in the elderly. Low-grade inflammation and microvessel pathology may be responsible for initiating or exacerbating some of the hearing loss associated with aging. A growing body of evidence demonstrates an association of hearing loss with cognitive decline. A shared etiological pathway may include a role of inflammation, alongside vascular determinants. The ASPREE-HEARING study aims to determine whether low-dose aspirin decreases the progression of ARHL, and if so, whether this decrease in progression is also associated with retinal microvascular changes and/or greater preservation of cognitive function.

Design and Methods: A three year double-blind, randomized controlled trial of oral 100mg enteric-coated aspirin or matching placebo, enrolling 1262 Australians aged ≥ 70years with normal cognitive function and no overt cardiovascular disease. The primary outcome is the change in mean pure tone average hearing threshold (decibels) in the better ear, over a 3-year period. Secondary outcomes consist of changes in retinal microvascular indicators, and changes in cognitive function. Participants are recruited from a larger trial, ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE), which is designed to assess whether daily low dose aspirin will extend disability-free life.

Discussion: ASPREE-HEARING will determine whether aspirin slows development or progression of ARHL, and will interrogate the relationship between inflammatory and microvascular mechanisms that may underlie the effects of aspirin on ARHL. This study will improve understanding of the patterns of comorbidity with, and the relationships between, aging and ARHL, alongside modeling the impacts of ARHL.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:age-related hearing loss, aspirin, cognitive function, presbyacusis, randomized controlled trial, retinal vessels
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
Author:Nelson, MR (Professor Mark Nelson)
ID Code:107701
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2016-03-22
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:0

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