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‘Hail Australia’: Joseph H. Carruthers and education 1889-1891


Orr, K, Hail Australia': Joseph H. Carruthers and education 1889-1891, Proceedings of Architecture at the Ragged Edge of Empire: Race, Place, Taste and the Colonial Context, 27-28 June 2013, Brisbane, Australia, pp. 1-8. (2013) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

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Joseph Hector McNeil Carruthers (1856-1932) was the New South Wales Minister of Public Instruction from 8 March 1889 to 22 October 1891. He was a man who "got things done" and thus, in a relatively short period of just 2 years, 11 months and 15 days he made an enormous impact on the physical environment of public education in New South Wales, influencing the architectural style, layouts and siting of public elementary school buildings, high schools, the Sydney Technical College and regional colleges, the Sydney Technological Museum and a new building for teacher education at the University of Sydney. All of these buildings were designed by William Edmund Kemp, the Architect for Public Schools from 1880-1896. I have already published a number of papers on Kemp’s educational buildings, and next week at SAHANZ my paper will draw upon newspaper reports of 72 school openings and will, among other things, illustrate the influence of the various Ministers of Public Instruction on Kemp’s work. Today’s paper considers a sample of the elementary schools designed by Kemp while Carruthers was Minister. They are distinctly different to those he designed under other ministers, either before or after. This paper pursues a new line of inquiry, analysing the style of some of the buildings and arguing that they played a strategic role in Carruthers’s broader social and cultural agenda at a critical moment in the emerging movement towards Australian Federation.

Item Details

Item Type:Non Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:William Edmund Kemp, New South Wales, public education, Joseph Hector McNeil Carruthers
Research Division:Built Environment and Design
Research Group:Architecture
Research Field:Architectural history, theory and criticism
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Understanding past societies
Objective Field:Understanding Australia's past
UTAS Author:Orr, K (Professor Kirsten Orr)
ID Code:107639
Year Published:2013
Deposited By:Architecture
Deposited On:2016-03-21
Last Modified:2016-03-21

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