Trapp, GS and Allen, KL and O'Sullivan, T and Robinson, M and Jacoby, P and Oddy, WH, Energy drink consumption among young Australian adults: associations with alcohol and illicit drug use, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 134 pp. 30-37. ISSN 0376-8716 (2014) [Refereed Article]
METHODS: We used self-administered questionnaires to assess energy drink consumption patterns, alcohol intake, cigarette and illicit drug use at the 20-year cohort follow-up. Data was also collected on socio-demographics, physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and dietary intake. Our sample included 1234 participants (47% male, mean age 20 ± 0.5 years). We considered energy-drink consumption as a categorical (users versus non-users) variable.
RESULTS: Overall, 48% of participants consumed energy drinks at least once per month, with an average intake of 1.31 ± 0.75 cans per day amongst energy drink users. The most significant correlates of energy drink use were being in part-time or full-time employment, being male, being a cigarette smoker, having heavier alcoholic spirit consumption patterns and being an ecstasy user (all p<0.05). No significant associations were observed with BMI or dietary intake.
CONCLUSIONS: Australian energy drink users tend to have heavier alcohol consumption patterns be a cigarette smoker and use illicit drugs relative to non-users. More research is needed regarding the health risks associated with energy drink use in young adults, including their possible role in the development of substance abuse problems.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Adolescent health, Caffeine, Energy drinks, Raine Study, Stimulants|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Group:||Nutrition and dietetics|
|Research Field:||Sport and exercise nutrition|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|UTAS Author:||Oddy, WH (Professor Wendy Oddy)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||60|
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