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Upgrading marine ecosystem restoration using ecological-social concepts


Abelson, A and Halpern, BS and Reed, DC and Orth, RJ and Kendrick, GA and Beck, MW and Belmaker, J and Krause, G and Edgar, GJ and Airoldi, L and Brokovich, E and France, R and Shashar, N and de Blaeij, A and Stambler, N and Salameh, P and Shechter, M and Nelson, PA, Upgrading marine ecosystem restoration using ecological-social concepts, Bioscience, 66, (2) pp. 156-163. ISSN 0006-3568 (2016) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2016 The Authors Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)

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DOI: doi:10.1093/biosci/biv171


Conservation and environmental management are principal countermeasures to the degradation of marine ecosystems and their services. However, in many cases, current practices are insufficient to reverse ecosystem declines. We suggest that restoration ecology, the science underlying the concepts and tools needed to restore ecosystems, must be recognized as an integral element for marine conservation and environmental management. Marine restoration ecology is a young scientific discipline, often with gaps between its application and the supporting science. Bridging these gaps is essential to using restoration as an effective management tool and reversing the decline of marine ecosystems and their services. Ecological restoration should address objectives that include improved ecosystem services, and it therefore should encompass social-ecological elements rather than focusing solely on ecological parameters. We recommend using existing management frameworks to identify clear restoration targets, to apply quantitative tools for assessment, and to make the re-establishment of ecosystem services a criterion for success.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:human impacts, degraded marine ecosystem, resilience, socio-ecological system, social-ecological restoration, conservation, Ocean Health Index (OHI), marine spatial planning (MSP)
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Marine biodiversity
UTAS Author:Edgar, GJ (Professor Graham Edgar)
ID Code:107385
Year Published:2016
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP120104133)
Web of Science® Times Cited:71
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2016-03-11
Last Modified:2018-04-10
Downloads:230 View Download Statistics

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