Nyaradi, A and Oddy, WH and Hickling, S and Li, J and Foster, JK, The Relationship between Nutrition in Infancy and Cognitive Performance during Adolescence, Frontiers in Nutrition, 2, (2) pp. 1-8. ISSN 2296-861X (2015) [Refereed Article]
METHODS: Participants (n = 717) were recruited from the West Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, a prospective longitudinal study of 2868 children and their families based in Perth, WA, Australia. Breastfeeding duration and an early diet score at age 1 year were used as the main predictor variables, while a computerized cognitive battery (CogState) was used to assess adolescents' cognitive performance at 17 years. The diet score, which has seven food group components, was based on a 24-h recall questionnaire completed by the mother at 1 year of age. A higher diet score represents a better, more nutritious eating pattern. Associations between breastfeeding duration, diet score, and cognitive performance were assessed in multivariable regression models.
RESULTS: Higher diet scores at 1 year representing better diet quality were significantly associated with faster reaction times in cognitive performance at 17 years [Detection Task (DET): β = -0.004, 95% CI: -0.008; 0.000, p = 0.036; Identification Task (IDN): β = -0.004, 95% CI: -0.008; 0.000, p = 0.027]. Breastfeeding duration (≥4 months) was also significantly associated with a shorter reaction time, but only for males (DET: β = -0.026, 95% CI: -0.046; -0.006, p = 0.010).
CONCLUSION: Nutrition in early childhood may have a long-term association with fundamental cognitive processing speed, which is likely to be related to enhanced brain development in the first year of life.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||CogState, Raine study, adolescence, breastfeeding, cognitive performance, early childhood, nutrition|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Nutrition and Dietetics|
|Research Field:||Clinical and Sports Nutrition|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Author:||Oddy, WH (Professor Wendy Oddy)|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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