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Pleiotropic effects of the semi-dwarfing gene uzu in barley

Citation

Chen, G and Li, H and Wei, Y and Zhen, Y-L and Zhou, M and Liu, C, Pleiotropic effects of the semi-dwarfing gene uzu in barley, Euphytica, 209, (3) pp. 749-755. ISSN 0014-2336 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10681-016-1668-4

Abstract

The adoption of reduced height (Rht) genes has dramatically enhanced yield potential of cereal crops. The semi-dwarfing gene uzu in barley is widely used in East Asia. Its value as an Rht gene in the warm and dry environments in Australia was evaluated in this study. In addition to plant height, this gene showed significant effects on a wide range of characteristics. It reduced the overall plant height by an average of 33.7% with the most significant reduction occurred on the internode below the peduncle. The gene reduces spike length by 31.6% and grain weight by 18.8%. It increases grain number per spike by 5.6% and grain density by 51.8%. Seedling assays suggested that the effects of this gene became more significant with increased temperature. It reduced coleoptile and seedling length by 19.4% and 15.1%, respectively at 7C. The reduction increased to 61% and 46.7%, respectively, at 25C. These results indicated that the uzu gene could have limited values in some high temperature and drought prone environments.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:barley, uzu gene, semi-dwarf genes
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Crop and Pasture Production
Research Field:Crop and Pasture Improvement (Selection and Breeding)
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Winter Grains and Oilseeds
Objective Field:Barley
Author:Zhou, M (Associate Professor Meixue Zhou)
ID Code:107140
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2016-03-06
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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