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Interval squeeze: altered fire regimes and demographic responses interact to threaten woody species persistence as climate changes

Citation

Enright, NJ and Fontaine, JB and Bowman, DMJS and Bradstock, RA and Williams, RJ, Interval squeeze: altered fire regimes and demographic responses interact to threaten woody species persistence as climate changes, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13, (5) pp. 265-272. ISSN 1540-9295 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2014 The Ecological Society of America

DOI: doi:10.1890/140231

Abstract

Projected effects of climate change across many ecosystems globally include more frequent disturbance by fire and reduced plant growth due to warmer (and especially drier) conditions. Such changes affect species - particularly fire-intolerant woody plants - by simultaneously reducing recruitment, growth, and survival. Collectively, these mechanisms may narrow the fire interval window compatible with population persistence, driving species to extirpation or extinction. We present a conceptual model of these combined effects, based on synthesis of the known impacts of climate change and altered fire regimes on plant demography, and describe a syndrome we term "interval squeeze". This model predicts that interval squeeze will increase woody plant extinction risk and change ecosystem structure, composition, and carbon storage, especially in regions projected to become both warmer and drier. These predicted changes demand new approaches to fire management that will maximize the in situ adaptive capacity of species to respond to climate change and fire regime change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:plant regeneration, fire ecology, climate change, obligate seeder demography
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Community Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Bowman, DMJS (Professor David Bowman)
ID Code:106843
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:37
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2016-02-23
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:88 View Download Statistics

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