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Pliocene reversal of late Neogene aridification


Sniderman, JMK and Woodhead, JD and Hellstrom, J and Jordan, GJ and Drysdale, RN and Tyler, JJ and Porch, N, Pliocene reversal of late Neogene aridification, National Academy of Sciences of The United States of America. Proceedings, 113, (8) pp. 1999-2004. ISSN 0027-8424 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1073/pnas.1520188113


The Pliocene epoch (5.32.6Ma) represents the most recent geological interval in which global temperatures were several degrees warmer than today and is therefore considered our best analog for a future anthropogenic greenhouse world. However, our understanding of Pliocene climates is limited by poor age control on existing terrestrial climate archives, especially in the Southern Hemisphere, and by persistent disagreement between paleo-data and models concerning the magnitude of regional warming and/or wetting that occurred in response to increased greenhouse forcing. To address these problems, here we document the evolution of Southern Hemisphere hydroclimate from the latest Miocene to the middle Pliocene using radiometrically- dated fossil pollen records preserved in speleothems from semiarid southern Australia. These data reveal an abrupt onset of warm and wet climates early within the Pliocene, driving complete biome turnover. Pliocene warmth thus clearly represents a discrete interval which reversed a long-term trend of late Neogene cooling and aridification, rather than being simply the most recent period of greater-than-modern warmth within a continuously cooling trajectory. These findings demonstrate the importance of high-resolution chronologies to accompany paleoclimate data and also highlight the question of what initiated the sustained interval of Pliocene warmth.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:paleoclimate, pollen, speleothems, aridification, Neogene
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Palaeoclimatology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
UTAS Author:Jordan, GJ (Professor Greg Jordan)
ID Code:106786
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:74
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2016-02-20
Last Modified:2017-10-30

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