Wimmer, BC and Johnell, K and Fastbom, J and Wiese, MD and Bell, JS, Factors associated with medication regimen complexity in older people: a cross-sectional population-based study, European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 71 pp. 1099-1108. ISSN 0031-6970 (2015) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study included 3348 people aged ≥ 60 years. Medication regimen complexity was computed using the validated 65-item Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI). Multinomial logistic regression was used to compute unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) for factors associated with regimen complexity. Multivariable quantile regression was used to compare factors associated with regimen complexity and number of medications.
RESULTS: In adjusted analyses, participants in the highest MRCI quintile (MRCI > 20) were older (OR = 1.04, 95 % CI 1.02;1.05), less likely to live at home (OR = 0.35, 95 % CI 0.15;0.86), had greater comorbidities (OR = 2.17, 95 % CI 1.89;2.49), had higher cognitive status (OR = 1.06, 95 % CI 1.01;1.11), a higher prevalence of self-reported pain (OR = 2.85, 95 % CI 2.16;3.76), had impaired dexterity (OR = 2.39, 95 % CI 1.77;3.24) and were more likely to receive help to sort their medications (OR = 4.43 95 % CI 2.39;8.56) than those with low regimen complexity (MRCI > 0-5.5). Similar factors were associated with both regimen complexity and number of medications.
CONCLUSION: Older people with probable difficulties managing complex regimens, including those with impaired dexterity and living in institutional settings, had the most complex medication regimens even after adjusting for receipt of help to sort medications. The strong correlation between regimen complexity and number of medications suggests that clinicians could use a person's number of medications to target interventions to reduce complexity.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Medication regimen complexity, Polypharmacy, Aged, Inappropriate prescribing, Population-based study|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences|
|Research Field:||Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice|
|Objective Division:||Expanding Knowledge|
|Objective Group:||Expanding Knowledge|
|Objective Field:||Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences|
|Author:||Wimmer, BC (Dr Barbara Wimmer)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||10|
Repository Staff Only: item control page