Toh, LS and Lai, PS and Wu, DB and Wong, KT and Low, BY and Anderson, C, The Development and Validation of the Osteoporosis Prevention and Awareness Tool (OPAAT) in Malaysia, PloS one, 10, (5) Article e0124553. ISSN 1932-6203 (2015) [Refereed Article]
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Copyright: © 2015 Toh et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate Osteoporosis Prevention and Awareness Tool (OPAAT) in Malaysia.
METHODS: The OPAAT was modified from the Malaysian Osteoporosis Knowledge Tool and developed from an exploratory study on patients. Face and content validity was established by an expert panel. The OPAAT consists of 30 items, categorized into three domains. A higher score indicates higher knowledge level. English speaking non-osteoporotic postmenopausal women ≥ 50 years of age and pharmacists were included in the study.
RESULTS: A total of 203 patients and 31 pharmacists were recruited. Factor analysis extracted three domains. Flesch reading ease was 59.2. The mean ± SD accuracy rate was 0.60 ± 0.22 (range: 0.26-0.94). The Cronbach's α for each domain ranged from 0.286-0.748. All items were highly correlated (Spearman's rho: 0.761-0.990, p < 0.05), with no significant change in the overall test-retest scores, indicating that OPAAT has achieved stable reliability. Pharmacists had higher knowledge score than patients (80.9 ± 8.7 vs 63.6 ± 17.4, p < 0.001), indicating that the OPAAT was able to discriminate between the knowledge levels of pharmacists and patients.
CONCLUSION: The OPAAT was found to be a valid and reliable instrument for assessing patient's knowledge about osteoporosis and its prevention in Malaysia. The OPAAT can be used to identify individuals in need of osteoporosis educational intervention.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||osteoporosis, knowledge, tool, screening, prevention, postmenopausal|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences|
|Research Field:||Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice|
|Objective Group:||Health and Support Services|
|Objective Field:||Health Education and Promotion|
|UTAS Author:||Toh, LS (Dr Li Shean Toh)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||3|
|Downloads:||100 View Download Statistics|
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