Sutherland, R and Peacock, A and Whittaker, E and Roxburgh, A and Lenton, S and Matthews, A and Butler, K and Nelson, M and Burns, L and Bruno, R, New psychoactive substance use among regular psychostimulant users in Australia, 2010-2015, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 161 pp. 110-118. ISSN 0376-8716 (2016) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Objective: To examine the rates and patterns of new psychoactive substance (NPS) use amongst regular psychostimulant users (RPU) in Australia.
Method: Data were obtained from the 2010–2015 Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS), which comprised a total cross-sectional sample of 4122 RPU.
Results: Recent use of ‘any’ NPS increased from 33% in 2010 to 40% in 2015, although trends of use differed significantly across NPS classes. The correlates associated with NPS use also varied across NPS classes: frequent (i.e. weekly or more) ecstasy users were more likely to report recent phenethylamine use; LSD users were more likely to report recent phenethylamine and tryptamine use; and daily cannabis users were more likely to report recent synthetic cannabinoid use than RPU who had not used NPS. ‘Poly’ NPS consumers were found to be a particularly high risk group and were significantly more likely to be younger, male, report daily cannabis use, report weekly or more ecstasy use, report recent LSD use, have higher levels of poly drug use, have overdosed on any drug in the past year, and to have engaged in past month criminal activity.
Conclusion: NPS use has been established as a significant and ongoing practice amongst our sample of RPU. It appears that RPU seek out NPS with similar properties to the illicit drugs that they are already consuming, with poly NPS consumers found to be a particularly high risk group.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||new psychoactive substances, NPS, synthetic cannabinoids, synthetic cathinones, tryptamines, phenethylamines, psychostimulants|
|Research Division:||Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
|Research Group:||Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
|Research Field:||Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Substance Abuse|
|UTAS Author:||Peacock, A (Miss Amy Peacock)|
|UTAS Author:||Matthews, A (Dr Allison Matthews)|
|UTAS Author:||Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||20|
|Downloads:||162 View Download Statistics|
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