Varietal response to groundnut rosette disease and the first report of Groundnut ringspot virus in Ghana
Appiah, AS and Offei, SK and Tegg, RS and Wilson, CR, Varietal response to groundnut rosette disease and the first report of Groundnut ringspot virus in Ghana, Plant Disease, 100, (5) pp. 946-952. ISSN 0191-2917 (2016) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2016 The American Phytopathological Society
Twelve cultivars of groundnut were screened in field trials for resistance to groundnut rosette disease (GRD), caused by coinfection with Groundnut rosette assistor virus (GRAV), Groundnut rosette virus (GRV), and its satellite RNA in the coastal savannah of Ghana. ‘Oboshie’ groundnut was rated as highly resistant; ‘Bremaowuo’, ‘Nkatefufuo’, and ‘Behenase’ as resistant; and ‘Nkosuor’, ‘Kumawu’, and ‘Otuhia’ as moderately resistant. GRAV infection rates of 11.8 to 61.8% (dry season) and 13.9 to 100% (wet season) were found, which included symptomless plants, suggesting that some lacked coinfection with GRV and its satellite. Chlorotic ringspot and line-pattern symptoms were observed, suggesting infection with Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV). Virus identity was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, and amplicon sequencing. This is the first report of GRSV in Ghana. GRSV infection rates were 0.0 to 69.5% (dry season) and 26.1 to 69.5% (wet season). Mixed infections of GRAV and GRSV were common in all cultivars except Nkosuor and Bremaowuo in the dry season. Most cultivars graft inoculated with GRD showed significantly reduced height, leaf area, chlorophyll content, dry haulm weight, and seed yield compared with healthy plants. The sources of resistance to GRD and possibly GRAV and GRSV identified in this study could be exploited in groundnut breeding programs.