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Halophytes as a Possible Alternative to Desalination Plants: Prospects of Recycling Saline Wastewater During Coal Seam Gas Operations

Citation

Panta, S and Lane, P and Doyle, R and Hardie, M and Haros, G and Shabala, S, Halophytes as a Possible Alternative to Desalination Plants: Prospects of Recycling Saline Wastewater During Coal Seam Gas Operations, Halophytes for Food Security in Dry Lands, Academic Press, MA Khan, M Ozturk, B Gul, MZ Ahmed (ed), United States of America, pp. 317-329. ISBN 978-0-12-801854-5 (2016) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Elsevier Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-801854-5.00019-4

Abstract

Large volumes of poor-quality water are generated by industries which need to be disposed of on a regular basis. While halophytes may be potentially suitable for this purpose, halophyte growth may be retarded by transient waterlogging associated with the application of large quantities of wastewater. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of two halophyte forage species, Atriplex halimus and Atriplex lentiformis, grown under different irrigation regimens, for a range of salinity concentrations. It was shown that Atriplex species can be successfully grown using high-salinity irrigation water (16 dS m−1) and can handle a large quantity of water (800 mm year−1 in addition to any natural rainfall), without any detrimental impact on plant growth and biomass production. Irrigation at 16 dS m−1 resulted in an increase in soil salinity up to 12 dS m−1, which was, however, still below the salinity of irrigation water. Given the fact that these salinity levels are considered to be optimal for halophyte growth, our data suggest a possibility of long-term use of large quantities of industrial-quality water without yield penalties. At least several more years of experimentation are needed to evaluate the environmental impact of this practice and before making recommendations to the industry.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:salinity halophytes
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Agriculture, Land and Farm Management
Research Field:Sustainable Agricultural Development
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Land and Water Management
Objective Field:Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Land Management
Author:Panta, S (Dr Suresh Panta)
Author:Lane, P (Associate Professor Peter Lane)
Author:Doyle, R (Dr Richard Doyle)
Author:Hardie, M (Mr Marcus Hardie)
Author:Shabala, S (Professor Sergey Shabala)
ID Code:106491
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2016-02-11
Last Modified:2017-11-02
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