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Australian marine protected areas


Grech, A and Edgar, G and Fairweather, P and Pressey, RL and Ward, T, Australian marine protected areas, Austral Ark: The State of Wildlife in Australia and New Zealand, Cambridge University Press, A Stow, N Maclean, GI Holwell (ed), Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp. 582-599. ISBN 9781107033542 (2015) [Research Book Chapter]

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Copyright 2015 Cambridge University Press

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Marine protected areas (MPAs) are sites in the ocean and coastal sea that are dedicated to the conservation of biodiversity, fisheries, ecosystem services and cultural values. MPAs range from small, highly protected marine reserves through to large, multiple-use marine parks, such as the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park of Queensland, Australia. This chapter identifies the major policy events and phases of MPA development in Australia, and explores the role and effectiveness of MPAs in conserving Australia’s marine environment. The governance of Australian MPAs is complex; the responsibility for their declaration and management is shared between the Australian (Commonwealth), State and Territory Governments. Progress in the declaration and management of MPAs is not uniform across Australia, with some jurisdictions performing better than others. Australia is considered a world leader in the science and implementation of MPAs. However, there are serious weaknesses in the design of MPAs in Commonwealth waters due to the locating of new MPAs where they are least controversial and least costly. Considerable further effort is needed to create an effective national program for delivering biodiversity conservation in Australia waters. This is particularly important because Australia’s oceans face an unprecedented set of pressures from accelerating climate change and coastal development.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:marine protected areas, marine reserves, conservation
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Marine biodiversity
UTAS Author:Edgar, G (Professor Graham Edgar)
ID Code:106307
Year Published:2015
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (LP100200122)
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2016-02-04
Last Modified:2018-04-04
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