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Shifts in plankton size spectra modulate growth and coexistence of anchovy and sardine in upwelling systems

Citation

Canales, TM and Law, R and Blanchard, JL, Shifts in plankton size spectra modulate growth and coexistence of anchovy and sardine in upwelling systems, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 73, (4) pp. 611-621. ISSN 0706-652X (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 the Author

DOI: doi:10.1139/cjfas-2015-0181

Abstract

Fluctuations in the abundance of anchovy (Engraulis spp.) and sardine (Sardinops sagax) are widespread in marine ecosystems, but the causes still remain uncertain. Differences between the planktonic prey availability, selectivity, and predation between anchovy and sardine have been suggested as factors influencing their dynamics. Using a dynamical multispecies size-spectrum model, we explore the consequences of changes in plankton size composition, together with intraguild predation and cannibalism, on the coexistence of these species. The shift towards smaller plankton has led to a reduction in the growth rate of both species. The effect was more deleterious on anchovy growth because it is unable to filter small particles. In model scenarios that included the effects of cannibalism and predation, anchovy typically collapsed under conditions favouring smaller sized plankton. The two species coexisted under conditions of larger sized plankton, although strong predation in conjunction with weak cannibalism led to the loss of sardine. The model provides new testable predictions for the consequences of plankton size structure on anchovy and sardine fluctuations. Further empirical work is needed to test these predictions in the context of climate change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:plankton, size spectrum, anchovy, sardine
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Community Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management at Regional or Larger Scales
Author:Blanchard, JL (Dr Julia Blanchard)
ID Code:106282
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2016-02-04
Last Modified:2016-12-01
Downloads:0

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