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Opioids in Depression: Not Quite There Yet

Citation

Yin, X and Guven, N and Dietis, N, Opioids in Depression: Not Quite There Yet, UK Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biosciences, 3, (1) pp. 12-17. ISSN 2347-9442 (2015) [Substantial Review]


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Abstract

Depression is a common mental disorder that affects people of all ages across the world. All current pharmacological interventions are based on the monoamine theory of depression and aim to increase the concentrations of monoamines in the brain. However, since many patients show no response or do not tolerate conventional therapies, there is an urgent need to identify new therapeutic targets, explore new molecular pathways and develop novel drugs against depression. Opioids, a class of compounds used against chronic pain, have major analgesic properties, but they are also well known for their anxiolytic and antidepressant effects. In preclinical and clinical studies, some opioids showed encouraging results to alleviate depression-like symptoms. Although our knowledge about the antidepressant effects of opioids stretches back to the late ‘70s, we still have a long way to cover. Predominantly, a clear understanding about their mode of action as well as the opioid-associated issues of addiction and convulsions, are the main challenges that need to be addressed before we will see opioid compound used in the clinic against depression.

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:opioid, depression, therapy
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Author:Yin, X (Miss Xin Yin)
Author:Guven, N (Dr Nuri Guven)
Author:Dietis, N (Dr Nikolas Dietis)
ID Code:106113
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2016-01-29
Last Modified:2016-02-01
Downloads:0

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