UVB-induced melanocyte proliferation in neonatal mice driven by CCR2-independent recruitment of Ly6c(low)MHCII(hi) macrophages
Handoko, HY and Rodero, MP and Boyle, GM and Ferguson, B and Engwerda, C and Hill, G and Muller, HK and Khosrotehrani, K and Walker, GJ, UVB-induced melanocyte proliferation in neonatal mice driven by CCR2-independent recruitment of Ly6c(low)MHCII(hi) macrophages, The Journal of Investigative Dermatology: An International Journal for Research in Cutaneous Biology, 133, (7) pp. 1803-12. ISSN 0022-202X (2015) [Refereed Article]
Intermittent sunburns, particularly in childhood, are the strongest environmental risk factor for malignant melanoma (MM). In mice, a single neonatal UVR exposure induces MM, whereas chronic doses to adult mice do not. Neonatal UVR alters melanocyte migration dynamics by inducing their movement upward out of hair follicles into the epidermis. UVR is known to induce inflammation and recruitment of macrophages into the skin. In this study, we have used a liposomal clodronate strategy to deplete macrophages at the time of neonatal UVR, and have shown functionally that this reduces the melanocyte proliferative response. This effect was not reproduced by depletion of CD11c-expressing populations of dendritic cells. On the basis of epidermal expression array data at various time points after UVR, we selected mouse strains defective in various aspects of macrophage recruitment, activation, and effector functions, and measured their melanocyte UVR response. We identified Ly6c(low)MHCII(hi) macrophages as the major population promoting the melanocyte response across multiple strains. The activity of this subpopulation was CCR2 (C-C chemokine receptor type 2) independent and partly IL-17 dependent. By helping induce this effect, the infiltration of specific macrophage subpopulations after sunburn may be a factor in increasing the risk of subsequent neoplastic transformation of melanocytes.