Dave, A and Martin, S and Kumar, R and Craig, JE and Burdon, KP and Sharma, S, EPHA2 mutations contribute to congenital cataract through diverse mechanisms, Molecular Vision, 22 pp. 18-30. ISSN 1090-0535 (2016) [Refereed Article]
© 2016 Molecular Vision Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
Official URL: http://www.molvis.org/molvis/v22/18/
Methods: The effect of five disease-causing mutations, p.P584L (c.1751C>T), p.T940I (c.2819C>T), p.D942fsXC71 (c.2826–9G>A), p.A959T (c.2875G>A), and p.V972GfsX39 (c.2915_2916delTG), on localization of the protein was examined in two in vitro epithelial cell culture systems: Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) and human colorectal adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) epithelial cells. Myc-tagged mutant constructs were generated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based mutagenesis. The Myc-tagged wild-type construct was used as a control. The Myc-tagged wild-type and mutant proteins were ectopically expressed and detected by immunofluorescence labeling. Results: Two of the mutations, p.T940I and p.D942fsXC71, located within the cytoplasmic sterile-α-motif (SAM) domain of EPHA2, led to mis-localization of the protein to the perinuclear space and co-localization with the cis-golgi apparatus, indicating sub-organellar/cellular retention of the mutant proteins. The mutant proteins carrying the remaining three mutations, similar to the wild-type EPHA2, localized to the cell membrane.
Conclusions: Mis-localization of two of the mutant proteins in epithelial cells suggests that some disease-causing mutations in EPHA2 likely affect lens epithelial cell homeostasis and contribute to cataract. This study suggests that mutations in EPHA2 contribute to congenital cataract through diverse mechanisms.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||cataract, disease mechanisms, molecular|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Ophthalmology and Optometry|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Hearing, Vision, Speech and Their Disorders|
|UTAS Author:||Burdon, KP (Professor Kathryn Burdon)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||10|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
|Downloads:||86 View Download Statistics|
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