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Persistence of human papillomavirus, overexpression of p53, and outcomes of patients after endoscopic ablation of Barrett's Esophagus

Citation

Rajendra, S and Wang, B and Pavey, D and Sharma, P and Yang, T and Lee, CS and Gupta, N and Ball, MJ and Gill, RS and Wu, X, Persistence of human papillomavirus, overexpression of p53, and outcomes of patients after endoscopic ablation of Barrett's Esophagus, Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 13, (7) pp. 1364-1368. ISSN 1542-3565 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 by the AGA Institute

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2014.11.017

Abstract

We investigated the role of high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) in patients with Barrett's dysplasia and adenocarcinoma (EAC). Clearance vs persistence of HPV (DNA, E6 or E7 mRNA, and p16INK4A protein) and overexpression or mutation of p53 were determined for 40 patients who underwent endotherapy for Barrett's dysplasia or EAC. After ablation, dysplasia or neoplasia was eradicated in 34 subjects (24 squamous, 10 intestinal metaplasia). Six patients had detectable lesions after treatment; 2 were positive for transcriptionally active hr-HPV, and 4 had overexpression of p53. Before endotherapy, 15 patients had biologically active hr-HPV, 13 cleared the infection with treatment, and dysplasia or EAC was eliminated from 12 patients. One patient who cleared HPV after ablation acquired a p53 mutation, and their cancer progressed. Of 13 patients with overexpression of p53 before treatment, 10 cleared the p53 abnormality after ablation with eradication of dysplasia or neoplasia, whereas 3 of 13 had persistent p53 mutation-associated dysplasia after endotherapy (P = .004). Immunohistochemical and sequence analyses of p53 produced concordant results for 36 of 40 samples (90%). Detection of dysplasia or neoplasia after treatment was associated with HPV persistence or continued p53 overexpression.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Barrett's Esophagus, carcinogenesis, genetic, immunohistochemistry, tumor suppressor
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Author:Ball, MJ (Professor Madeleine Ball)
ID Code:105951
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2016-01-21
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:0

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