New capillary gel electrophoresis method for fast and accurate identification and quantification of multiple viral proteins in influenza vaccines
van Tricht, E and Geurink, L and Pajic, B and Nijenhuis, J and Backus, H and Germano, M and Somsen, GW and Sanger-van de Griend, CE, New capillary gel electrophoresis method for fast and accurate identification and quantification of multiple viral proteins in influenza vaccines, Talanta, 144 pp. 1030-1035. ISSN 0039-9140 (2015) [Refereed Article]
Current methods for the identification and/or quantification of viral proteins in influenza virus and virosome samples suffer from long analysis times, limited protein coverage and/or low accuracy and precision. We studied and optimized capillary gel electrophoresis (CGE) in order to achieve faster and enhanced characterization and quantification of viral proteins. Sample preparation as well the composition of the gel buffer was investigated in order to achieve adequate protein separation in relatively short times. The total sample preparation (reduction and deglycosylation) could be carried out efficiently within two hours. Hydrodynamic injection, separation voltage, and capillary temperature were optimized in full factorial design. The final method was validated and showed good performance for hemagglutinin fragment 1 (HA1), hemagglutinin fragment 2 (HA2), matrix protein (M) and nucleoprotein (NP). The CGE method allowed identification of different virus strains based on their specific protein profile. B/Brisbane inactivated virus and virosome samples could be analyzed within one day. The CGE results (titers) were comparable to single radial immune-diffusion (SRID), but the method has the advantage of a much faster time to results. CGE analysis of A/Christchurch from upstream process demonstrated the applicability of the method to samples of high complexity. The CGE method could be used in the same analyte concentration range as the RP-HPLC method, but showed better precision and accuracy. Overall, the total analysis time for the CGE method was much shorter, allowing analysis of 100 samples in 4 days instead of 10 days for SRID.
capillary gel electrophoresis, influenza, viral proteins, hemagglutinin, quantification, CESDS