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Time-lapse characterization of hydrothermal seawater and microbial interactions with basaltic tephra at Surtsey Volcano

Citation

Jackson, MD and Gudmundsson, MT and Bach, W and Cappelletti, P and Coleman, NJ and Ivarsson, M and Jonasson, K and Jorgensen, SL and Marteinsson, V and McPhie, J and Moore, JG and Neilson, D and Rhodes, JM and Rispoli, C and Schiffman, P and Stefansson, A and Turke, A and Vanorio, T and Weisenberger, TB and White, JDL and Zierenberg, R and Zimanowski, B, Time-lapse characterization of hydrothermal seawater and microbial interactions with basaltic tephra at Surtsey Volcano, Scientific Drilling, 20 pp. 51-58. ISSN 1816-8957 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Author(s) 2015. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

DOI: doi:10.5194/sd-20-51-2015

Abstract

A new International Continental Drilling Program (ICDP) project will drill through the 50-year old edifice of Surtsey Volcano, the youngest of the Vestmannaeyjar Islands along the south coast of Iceland, to perform interdisciplinary time-lapse investigations of hydrothermal and microbial interactions with basaltic tephra. The volcano, created in 19631967 by submarine and subaerial basaltic eruptions, was first drilled in 1979. In October 2014, a workshop funded by the ICDP convened 24 scientists from 10 countries for 3 and a half days on Heimaey Island to develop scientific objectives, site the drill holes, and organize logistical support. Representatives of the Surtsey Research Society and Environment Agency of Iceland also participated. Scientific themes focus on further determinations of the structure and eruptive processes of the type locality of Surtseyan volcanism, descriptions of changes in fluid geochemistry and microbial colonization of the subterrestrial deposits since drilling 35 years ago, and monitoring the evolution of hydrothermal and biological processes within the tephra deposits far into the future through the installation of a Surtsey subsurface observatory. The tephra deposits provide a geologic analog for developing specialty concretes with pyroclastic rock and evaluating their long-term performance under diverse hydrothermal conditions. Abstracts of research projects are posted at http://surtsey. icdp-online.org.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Surtsey, submarine, continental drilling, pyroclastic
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Volcanology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:McPhie, J (Professor Jocelyn McPhie)
ID Code:105877
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2016-01-18
Last Modified:2016-08-04
Downloads:48 View Download Statistics

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