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Multiple drivers of decline in the global status of freshwater crayfish (Decapoda: Astacidea)

Citation

Richman, NI and Bohm, M and Adams, SB and Alvarez, F and Bergey, EA and Bunn, JJS and Burnham, Q and Cordeiro, J and Coughran, J and Crandall, KA and Dawkins, KL and DiStefano, RJ and Doran, NE and Edsman, L and Eversole, AG and Fureder, L and Furse, JM and Gherardi, F and Hamr, P and Holdich, DM and Horwitz, P and Johnston, K and Jones, CM and Jones, JPG and Jones, RL and Jones, TG and Kawai, T and Lawler, S and Lopez-Mejia, M and Miller, RM and Pedraza-Lara, C and Reynolds, JD and Richardson, AMM and Schultz, MB and Schuster, GA and Sibley, PJ and Souty-Grosset, C and Taylor, CA and Thoma, RF and Walls, J and Walsh, TS and Collen, B, Multiple drivers of decline in the global status of freshwater crayfish (Decapoda: Astacidea), Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370, (1662) Article 20140060. ISSN 0962-8436 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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2015 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1098/rstb.2014.0060

Abstract

Rates of biodiversity loss are higher in freshwater ecosystems than in most terrestrial or marine ecosystems, making freshwater conservation a priority. However, prioritization methods are impeded by insufficient knowledge on the distribution and conservation status of freshwater taxa, particularly invertebrates. We evaluated the extinction risk of the world's 590 freshwater crayfish species using the IUCN Categories and Criteria and found 32% of all species are threatened with extinction. The level of extinction risk differed between families, with proportionally more threatened species in the Parastacidae and Astacidae than in the Cambaridae. Four described species were Extinct and 21% were assessed as Data Deficient. There was geographical variation in the dominant threats affecting the main centres of crayfish diversity. The majority of threatened US and Mexican species face threats associated with urban development, pollution, damming and water management. Conversely, the majority of Australian threatened species are affected by climate change, harvesting, agriculture and invasive species. Only a small proportion of crayfish are found within the boundaries of protected areas, suggesting that alternative means of long-term protection will be required. Our study highlights many of the significant challenges yet to come for freshwater biodiversity unless conservation planning shifts from a reactive to proactive approach.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:freshwater crayfish
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental Science and Management
Research Field:Conservation and Biodiversity
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
Author:Doran, NE (Dr Niall Doran)
Author:Richardson, AMM (Associate Professor Alastair Richardson)
ID Code:105758
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:27
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2016-01-14
Last Modified:2016-09-12
Downloads:22 View Download Statistics

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