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The effect of surface stress on interfacial solitary wave propagation


Hammerton, PW and Bassom, AP, The effect of surface stress on interfacial solitary wave propagation, Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics, 66, (3) pp. 395-416. ISSN 0033-5614 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

The Author, 2013. Published by Oxford University Press; all rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1093/qjmam/hbt012


The propagation of long wavelength disturbances on the surface of a fluid layer of finite depth is considered. Attention is focused on the effect of stress applied at the surface. Constant surface tension leads to a normal stress at the surface, but the presence of a surfactant or the application of an electric field can give rise to tangential stresses. In the large Reynolds number limit, the evolution equation for the surface elevation contains contributions from both boundary layers in the flow; one is adjacent to the free surface while the other lies at the base of the fluid layer.Aweakly non-linear analysis is performed leading to an evolution equation similar to the classic Korteweg-de Vries equation, but modified by additional terms due to the viscosity and to the tangential and normal stress at the surface. It is demonstrated that careful treatment of the boundary layer at the free surface is necessary when the tangential stress at the surface is non-zero. Particular cases of flows with tangential surface stress due the presence of a surfactant or due to an electric field are discussed, and a pseudo-spectral scheme is used in order to obtain some typical numerical results.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Mathematical Sciences
Research Group:Applied mathematics
Research Field:Theoretical and applied mechanics
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the mathematical sciences
UTAS Author:Bassom, AP (Professor Andrew Bassom)
ID Code:105704
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2016-01-13
Last Modified:2017-11-01

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