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Degrees of difference? A preliminary study of criminology degrees at Australian universities


Bartels, L and McGovern, A and Richards, K, Degrees of difference? A preliminary study of criminology degrees at Australian universities, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 48, (1) pp. 119-146. ISSN 0004-8658 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright The Author(s) 2014

DOI: doi:10.1177/0004865814523437


This article examines the Hawaii’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) Program, first piloted in Hawaii in 2004, to determine whether it would be suitable for adoption in the Australian context. The article commences with an overview of the origins and operation of the HOPE program. It then considers the findings of outcome evaluations of the program, which demonstrated greater reductions in drug use and reoffending and fewer days in prison compared with the control group. The findings of a process evaluation, including the perspectives of probation officers, judicial officers, court staff and offenders, are also discussed. Other programs in the United States which also deliver swift and certain sanctions are considered. The article then examines current and future projects and research. The article acknowledges some of the concerns with programs of this nature, but concludes by calling for Australia to adopt an appropriately funded and evaluated pilot project based on the HOPE model.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Law and Legal Studies
Research Group:Law in context
Research Field:Criminal law
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in law and legal studies
UTAS Author:Bartels, L (Ms Lorana Bartels)
ID Code:105503
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Faculty of Law
Deposited On:2016-01-06
Last Modified:2016-04-15

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