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Farm household typologies and mechanization patterns in Nepal Terai


Takeshima, H and Adhikari, RP and Poudel, MN and Kumar, A, Farm household typologies and mechanization patterns in Nepal Terai, International Food Policy Research Institute Discussion Paper Article 01488. ISSN 1933-6012 (2015) [Professional, Non Refereed Article]

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Although Nepal formulated an agricultural mechanization promotion policy in 2014, there is still much to learn about tailoring mechanization policies to different types of farm households. The Terai belt in Nepal has seen steady growth in tractor use in the past 20 years, but heterogeneity exists among farm households. In this study, we use Nepal Living Standards Survey data to analyze such heterogeneity from a farm typology perspective. We characterize farm households based on use of external agricultural inputs, including tractors. Growth of tractor use in the Terai is associated with input use intensification per cultivated area, rather than significant expansion of cultivated area. Tractor use in the Terai appears to have grown as part of such land-saving intensification, although larger farm owners do hire in more tractors. We find that differences in household income portfolios are not straightforward between tractor renters and nonrenters, without clear differences in specialization of economic activities as well as farming systems. Tractor renters consist of various types, including the power-intensive mechanizer, intensive labor hirer, and fertilizer-based intensifier. Such heterogeneity recommends the use of tailored mechanization policy options.

Item Details

Item Type:Professional, Non Refereed Article
Keywords:farm household typology, mechanization, modified cluster analysis, Nepal
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Agriculture, land and farm management
Research Field:Farm management, rural management and agribusiness
Objective Division:Economic Framework
Objective Group:Management and productivity
Objective Field:Management and productivity not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Adhikari, RP (Dr Rajendra Adhikari)
ID Code:105468
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2016-01-05
Last Modified:2016-01-05

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