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Interventions to Assist Health Consumers to Find Reliable Online Health Information: A Comprehensive Review


Lee, K and Hoti, K and Hughes, JD and Emmerton, LM, Interventions to Assist Health Consumers to Find Reliable Online Health Information: A Comprehensive Review, PLoS One, 9, (4) Article e94186. ISSN 1932-6203 (2014) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Lee et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0094186


Background: Health information on the Internet is ubiquitous, and its use by health consumers prevalent. Finding and understanding relevant online health information, and determining content reliability, pose real challenges for many health consumers.

Purpose: To identify the types of interventions that have been implemented to assist health consumers to find reliable online health information, and where possible, describe and compare the types of outcomes studied.

Data Sources: PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus and Cochrane Library databases; WorldCat and Scirus ‘gray literature’ search engines; and manual review of reference lists of selected publications.

Study Selection: Publications were selected by firstly screening title, abstract, and then full text.

Data Extraction: Seven publications met the inclusion criteria, and were summarized in a data extraction form. The form incorporated the PICOS (Population Intervention Comparators Outcomes and Study Design) Model. Two eligible gray literature papers were also reported.

Data Synthesis: Relevant data from included studies were tabulated to enable descriptive comparison. A brief critique of each study was included in the tables. This review was unable to follow systematic review methods due to the paucity of research and humanistic interventions reported.

Limitations: While extensive, the gray literature search may have had limited reach in some countries. The paucity of research on this topic limits conclusions that may be drawn.

Conclusions: The few eligible studies predominantly adopted a didactic approach to assisting health consumers, whereby consumers were either taught how to find credible websites, or how to use the Internet. Common types of outcomes studied include knowledge and skills pertaining to Internet use and searching for reliable health information. These outcomes were predominantly self-assessed by participants. There is potential for further research to explore other avenues for assisting health consumers to find reliable online health information, and to assess outcomes via objective measures.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Health Informatics; eHealth; Chronic Disease; Self-Management; Internet
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Research Field:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Evaluation of health and support services
Objective Field:Health education and promotion
UTAS Author:Lee, K (Dr Kenneth Lee)
ID Code:105314
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Pharmacy
Deposited On:2015-12-18
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:632 View Download Statistics

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