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The hydroxyapatite ion activity product in acid solutions equilibrated with human enamel at 37 degrees C


Shellis, RP and Wahab, FK and Heywood, BR, The hydroxyapatite ion activity product in acid solutions equilibrated with human enamel at 37 degrees C, Caries Research, 27, (5) pp. 365-372. ISSN 0008-6568 (1993) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1159/000261566


Five samples of powered enamel were each sequentially equilibrated 5 times at 37 degrees C with either 4 or 17 mmol/l H3PO4, in contact with air, and the ionic activity product for hydroxyapatite (IHA) estimated. There was evidence for preferential release of Mg and Na, especially in the first equilibrations. In two experiments, raised values of IHA were observed in the first equilibration but otherwise IHA was reasonable constant within experimental error and was much closer to the solubility product of hydroxyapatite than many previous estimates, mainly at 25 degrees C, suggest. The mean value of IHA for the majority fraction, averaged over all samples, was 1.7 (+/- 0.7) x 10-58. Non-apatitic solids formed in all systems but solubility appeared nevertheless to be controlled by an apatitic phase: either the enamel mineral itself or apatite reprecipitated during the course of equilibration. High values of IHA reported previously may be due to use of conditions favouring dissolution only of more soluble factions or to metastability artifacts associated with control of solubility by non-apatitic phases.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:calcium, calcium phosphate, calcium phosphate, dental enamel solubility, durapatite, fluorides
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Medical biochemistry and metabolomics
Research Field:Medical biochemistry - inorganic elements and compounds
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
UTAS Author:Heywood, BR (Professor Brigid Heywood)
ID Code:104427
Year Published:1993
Web of Science® Times Cited:31
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2015-11-11
Last Modified:2015-11-12

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