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Oriented crystallization of CaCO3 under compressed monolayers. Part 1. - Morphological studies of mature crystals


Rajam, S and Heywood, BR and Walker, JBA and Mann, S and Davey, RJ and Birchall, JD, Oriented crystallization of CaCO3 under compressed monolayers. Part 1. - Morphological studies of mature crystals, Journal of the Chemical Society - Faraday Transactions, 87, (5) pp. 727-734. ISSN 0956-5000 (1991) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Royal Society of Chemistry 2015

DOI: doi:10.1039/FT9918700727


The crystallization of CaCO3 under compressed Langmuir monolayers of stearic acid [CH3(CH2)16CO2H], octadecylamine [CH3(CH2)17NH2], octadecanol [CH3(CH2)17OH] and cholesterol (C27H45OH) has been studied over a range of supersaturation conditions by optical and scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. At total [Ca] = 9 mmol dm-3, negatively charged stearate monolayes induced the oriented nucleation of calcite. The crystals were of two related morphological types, one of which was formed through the physical realignment of the oriented crystals at the organic surface during growth. Reducing the total [Ca] to 4.5 mmol dm-3, resulted in oriented vaterite nucleation on the stearate monolayers. Vaterite was the major product on positively charged octadecylamine films, independent of [Ca]. Unlike the vaterite crystals of stearate films, these crystals were of two distinct morphological forms which represented two specific nucleation orientations. Neutral monolayers of octadecanol inhibited crystallization and those of cholesterol gave random non-oriented calcite deposition analogous to the control experiments. Morphological analyses indicated that the crystals were oriented with their [11.0] (calcite) and [00.1] and [11.0] (vaterite) axes perpendicular to the monolayer surface.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Macromolecular and materials chemistry
Research Field:Structure and dynamics of materials
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Heywood, BR (Professor Brigid Heywood)
ID Code:104367
Year Published:1991
Web of Science® Times Cited:150
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2015-11-10
Last Modified:2015-12-22

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