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Slow-flow habitats as refugia for coastal calcifiers from ocean acidification

Citation

Hurd, CL, Slow-flow habitats as refugia for coastal calcifiers from ocean acidification, Journal of Phycology, 51, (4) pp. 599-605. ISSN 0022-3646 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Phycological Society of America

DOI: doi:10.1111/jpy.12307

Abstract

he pH of the oceansí surface water is dropping, termed ocean acidification (OA), and the 0.4 unit reduction in pH by 2100 is projected to negatively impact benthic coastal organisms that produce calcium carbonate "skeletons." Research has focussed on identifying species that are susceptible to OA, but there is an urgent need to discover refuge habitats that will afford protection to vulnerable species. The susceptibility of calcium carbonate skeletons to dissolution by OA depends on the pH at their surface, and this is controlled by the interaction between seawater velocity and organismal metabolism. This perspective considers how seawater velocity modifies the responses of calcifying organisms (seaweed, shellfish, and tropical corals) to OA through its action on controlling diffusion boundary layer thickness and thereby the pH and calcium carbonate saturation state (Ω) at the organismsí surface. Evidence is presented to support the idea that slow-flow habitats, such as wave-sheltered bays or the within canopies of seaweed/seagrass beds, might provide inexpensive refugia from OA for vulnerable coastal calcifiers.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ocean acidification, climate change, seaweed, macroalgae, calcification
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Ecological Applications
Research Field:Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
Author:Hurd, CL (Associate Professor Catriona Hurd)
ID Code:104203
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2015-11-04
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:0

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