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Tools fortranslational epigenetic studies involving formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded human tissue: applying the Infinium HumanMethyation450 Beadchip assay tolarge population-based studies

Citation

Wong, EM and Joo, JE and McLean, CA and Baglietto, L and English, DR and Severi, G and Hopper, JL and Milne, RL and Fitzgerald, LM and Giles, GG and Southey, MC, Tools for translational epigenetic studies involving formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded human tissue: applying the Infinium HumanMethyation450 Beadchip assay to large population-based studies, BMC Research Notes, 8, (543) pp. 1-9. ISSN 1756-0500 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2015 Wong et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1186/s13104-015-1487-z

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Large population-based translational epigenetic studies are emerging due to recent technological advances that have made molecular analyses possible. For example, the Infinium HumanMethylation450 Beadchip (HM450K) has enabled studies of genome-wide methylation on a scale not previously possible. However, application of the HM450K to DNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumour material has been more challenging than application to high quality DNA extracted from blood. To facilitate the application of this assay consistently across a large number of FFPE tumour-enriched DNA samples we have devised a modification to the HM450K protocol for FFPE that includes an additional quality control (QC) checkpoint.

RESULTS: QC checkpoint 3 was designed to assess the presence of DNA after bisulfite conversion and restoration, just prior to application of the HM450K assay. DNA was extracted from 474 archival FFPE breast tumour material. Five samples did not have a detectable amount of DNA with an additional 42 failing to progress past QC checkpoint 3. Genome-wide methylation was measured for the remaining 428 tumour-enriched DNA. Of these, only 4 samples failed our stringent HM450K data criteria thus representing a 99 % success rate. Using prior knowledge about methylation marks associated with breast cancer we further explored the quality of the data. Twenty probes in the BRCA1 promoter region showed increased methylation in triple-negative breast cancers compared to Luminal A, Luminal B and HER2-positive breast cancer subtypes. Validation of this observation in published data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Network (obtained from DNA extracted from fresh frozen tumour samples) confirms the quality of the data obtained from the improved protocol.

CONCLUSIONS: The modified protocol is suitable for the analysis of FFPE tumour-enriched DNA and can be systematically applied to hundreds of samples. This protocol will have utility in population-based translational epigenetic studies and is applicable to a wide variety of translated studies interested in analysis of methylation and its role in the predisposition to disease and disease progression.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Prostate Cancer
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Oncology and Carcinogenesis
Research Field:Cancer Genetics
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cancer and Related Disorders
UTAS Author:Fitzgerald, LM (Dr Liesel Fitzgerald)
ID Code:104120
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2015-11-03
Last Modified:2017-11-06
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