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Mobile phone-based electrochemiluminescence sensing exploitingthe ‘USB On-The-Go’ protocol


Doeven, EH and Barbante, GJ and Harsant, AJ and Donnelly, PS and Connell, TU and Hogan, D and Francis, PS, Mobile phone-based electrochemiluminescence sensing exploitingthe USB On-The-Go' protocol, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 216 pp. 608-613. ISSN 0925-4005 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.snb.2015.04.087


A low-cost system to generate, control and detect electrochemiluminescence using a mobile smartphone is described. A simple tone-detection integrated circuit is used to switch power sourced from the phone's Universal Serial Bus (USB) ‘On-The-Go’ (OTG) port, using audible tone pulses played over the device's audio jack. We have successfully applied this approach to smartphones from different manufacturers and with different operating system versions. ECL calibrations of a common luminophore, tris(2,2′-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) ([Ru(bpy)3]2+), with 2-(dibutylamino)ethanol (DBAE) as a co-reactant, showed no significant difference in light intensities when an electrochemical cell was controlled by a mobile phone in this manner, compared to the same calibration generated using a conventional potentiostat. Combining this novel approach to control the applied potential with the measurement of the emitted light through the smart phone camera (using an in-house built Android app), we explored the ECL properties of a water-soluble iridium(III) complex that emits in the blue region of the spectrum. The iridium(III) complex exhibited superior co-reactant ECL intensities and limits of detection to that of the conventional [Ru(bpy)3]2+ luminophore.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:development of low cost sensing strategies, smartphone sensor, mobile phone sensor, portable analytical devices, electrogenerated chemiluminescence, electrochemiluminescence
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Sensor technology (incl. chemical aspects)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Barbante, GJ (Dr Gregory Barbante)
ID Code:103712
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:60
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2015-10-26
Last Modified:2015-11-16

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