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The risky business of being an entomologist: a systematic review

Citation

Stanhope, J and Carver, S and Weinstein, P, The risky business of being an entomologist: a systematic review, Environmental Research, 140 pp. 619-633. ISSN 0013-9351 (2015) [Contribution to Refereed Journal]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Elsevier Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.envres.2015.05.025

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adverse work-related health outcomes are a significant problem worldwide. Entomologists, including arthropod breeders, are a unique occupational group exposed to potentially harmful arthropods, pesticides, and other more generic hazards. These exposures may place them at risk of a range of adverse work-related health outcomes.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine what adverse work-related health outcomes entomologists have experienced, the incidence/prevalence of these outcomes, and what occupational management strategies have been employed by entomologists, and their effectiveness.

METHODS:

A systematic search of eight databases was undertaken to identify studies informing the review objectives. Data pertaining to country, year, design, work-exposure, adverse work-related health outcomes, incidence/prevalence of these outcomes, and occupational management strategies were extracted, and reported descriptively.

DISCUSSION:

Results showed entomologists experienced work-related allergies, venom reactions, infections, infestations and delusional parasitosis. These related to exposure to insects, arachnids, chilopods and entognathans, and non-arthropod exposures, e.g. arthropod feed. Few studies reported the incidence/prevalence of such conditions, or work-related management strategies utilised by entomologists. There were no studies that specifically investigated the effectiveness of potential management strategies for entomologists as a population. Indeed, critical appraisal analysis indicated poor research quality in this area, which is a significant research gap.

CONCLUSIONS:

Entomologists are a diverse, unique occupational group, at risk of a range of adverse work-related health outcomes. This study represents the first systematic review of their work-related health risks. Future studies investigating the prevalence of adverse work-related health outcomes for entomologists, and the effectiveness of management strategies are warranted to decrease the disease burden of this otherwise understudied group.

Item Details

Item Type:Contribution to Refereed Journal
Keywords:entomology, health, risk assessment, occupational health
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Evolutionary Biology
Research Field:Host-Parasite Interactions
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response)
Author:Stanhope, J (Miss Jessica Stanhope)
Author:Carver, S (Dr Scott Carver)
ID Code:103667
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2015-10-23
Last Modified:2015-12-04
Downloads:0

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