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Modeling of future refrigerants in vapour compression cycle

Citation

Menzies, JJ and Garaniya, V and Abbassi, R, Modeling of future refrigerants in vapour compression cycle, Proceedings of the 16th Annual General Assembly of the International Association of Maritime universities, 7-10 October, Opatija, Croatia, pp. 253-262. ISBN 978-953-165-116-5 (2015) [Refereed Conference Paper]


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Abstract

The refrigeration plant on a fishing vessel is one of the main contributors of the overall energy usage of the vessel. Any increase in efficiency of the refrigeration system will reduce the fuel consumption and can improve the overall efficiency of the vessel. The Montreal Protocol states that all environmental impacting refrigerants must be phased out. Therefore there is a need to find an environmentally friendly refrigerants that meets the global legislation requirements as well as high refrigeration efficiency. The present study investigates different refrigerants in a vapour compression refrigeration plant for efficiency and operational cost with special consideration on environmental impact. With the aid of simulations, the Coefficient of Performance (COP) for different refrigerants were determined. The results showed that carbon dioxide (R-744) and ammonia (R-717) have the highest calculated performances and therefore carbon dioxide can be recommended as a future refrigerant. On the other side, the hydrocarbons have the lowest COPs of 2.67, 3.01 and 2.98 for methane (R-50), ethane (R-170) and propane (R-290) respectively. Overall, the hydrocarbons have 24.72%, 10.63% and 11.74% less performance compared to R-134a. The safety consideration for the use of ammonia (R-717) and carbon dioxide (R-744) showed that carbon dioxide is the preferred future refrigerant. For new built refrigeration systems, carbon dioxide is recommended for its low global warming potential.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:Refrigeration System, PRO\II, Future Refrigerant, Vapour Compression Cycle
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime Engineering
Research Field:Maritime Engineering not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Environmentally Sustainable Transport
Objective Field:Environmentally Sustainable Transport not elsewhere classified
Author:Menzies, JJ (Mr Jacob Menzies)
Author:Garaniya, V (Dr Vikram Garaniya)
Author:Abbassi, R (Dr Rouzbeh Abbassi)
ID Code:103595
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2015-10-19
Last Modified:2016-07-19
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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